Electronic cigarettes are devices which can help people to quit smoking and help to avoid dozens of harmful compounds in normal cigarettes. The electronic cigarette is a small electronic device meant to resemble a real cigarette. They even have a red LED light to mimic a glowing cigarette end.
The e-cigarette is also known as ‘vaporiser’ because it works as an inhaler which is vaporising a fluid solution into mist, resembling tobacco smoke. In terms of nicotine release, the quantities are similar.
Electronic Cigarettes History
In 1963, Herbert A. Gilbert created a non-tobacco, smoke-less cigarette that would release flavoured air. It contained a nicotine solution.
Later, companies got interested in manufacturing the new product but the plan didn’t make it to the next stage. Soon it was forgotten. The Chinese pharmacist Hon Lik took the idea to a whole new level in 2000. He used an element to emit ultrasounds and vaporise a liquid containing nicotine. The nicotine was diluted in a solution of propylene glycol. The vapour produced resembled smoke fit for inhaling and delivered nicotine to the blood. This innovation was advanced as tobacco smoking replacement.
How Does an Electronic Cigarette Work?
The device is made of a cartridge or mouthpiece made of plastic, which is also the liquid reservoir, an atomiser (the heating element) for vaporising, a battery and a LED light with its cover. The propylene glycol contained in the cartridge dissolves the nicotine and the vapour produced through heating is then passed through the mouthpiece to be inhaled. The fluid stays in place and doesn’t leak into the mouth when smoking. Some models have refillable tanks. One fill lasts as much as 20 traditional cigarettes. The battery is rechargeable and can be even charged via USB. By inhaling the smoke produced, the e-cigarette user takes the nicotine in it and has it delivered into the bloodstream through the lungs.
Risks and Benefits
Much has been speculated on the topic. So far, there seem to be no certainties. It hasn’t been confirmed yet as therapy for smoking replacement. US studies have warned about certain impurities contained within that would be harmful to humans, but these were not actually detected in the smoke, only in the liquid. The only real risk is that of nicotine poisoning or that of leading to a greater addiction. E-cigarettes don’t help one fight against the nicotine addiction, but keep them away of all the noxious compounds released in the smoke.
E-Cigarette Market Worldwide
The market has grown tremendously and that means that the young are exposed to the danger of becoming nicotine addicts, since the e-cigarettes are now sold everywhere. Many e-cigarette brands can be found online, but not all such products are of quality or labelled accordingly. To control the phenomenon more efficiently, there will be regulations that will label electronic cigarettes as medicine worldwide and therefore limit their usage.